Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which a person’s body fails to produce enough insulin, or the insulin produced is unable to function properly.
Insulin is needed to regulate the amount of sugar in the blood, so if it can’t work properly blood sugar will be too high.
Type 2 diabetes can be dangerous as if not controlled it can lead to serious health problems concerning the heart, nerves, kidneys, eyes and feet.
The condition can be controlled by taking medication and by making certain lifestyle changes. Here are four things people with type 2 diabetes should ensure they do in the new year to prevent complications.
Focus on keeping good control of your blood sugars and diet so your next HbA1c reading comes back with a positive result
Find fun or new ways to exercise
A popular New Year’s resolution for many people is to join and gym and exercise more in order to keep in shape, but it’s often easier said than done.
In order to stick to a long-term exercise plan, find an activity you know you enjoy or try something you’ve never done before to motivate you to keep active all year long.
Eat less chocolate for hypos
According to Diabetes.co.uk, people with diabetes who are prone to hypoglycaemia, or in other words low blood sugar, can be tempted to
Type 2 diabetes can be controlled by making certain lifestyle changes (Image: Getty Images)
This can have negative consequences, however, as it raises the risk of consuming excess calories and sugar.
Diabetes.co.uk recommends consuming between 10g and 20g of sugar in the form of glucose tablets or carbohydrates to treat hypos.
Cut down on unhealthy food
Many people decide to attempt various fad diets in the hope of losing weight in the new year, but these don’t always work and are not always a healthy way to lose weight.
People with diabetes should try to maintain a healthy weight so as to avoid further health complications and should follow a healthy, balanced diet.
Avoid eating chocolate for hypos (Image: Getty Images)
Find new or fun ways to keep active (Image: Getty Images)
Cut down on unhealthy, fatty and processed foods which can lead to excess weight gain and increase the risk of other health problems.
Try to get your five-a-day of fruit and vegetables, which will provide a host of essential vitamins, minerals and nutrients.
Eat lean meats, eggs, fish and pulses to get your dose of protein, as well as some dairy or dairy alternatives and starchy foods.
Improve your HbA1c reading
HbA1c measures the average blood glucose levels for the last two to three months and the higher the reading, the higher the amount of sugar in the blood.
Stick to maintaining a healthy diet and keeping active in order to improve your reading and keep blood sugar levels down.
“Focus on keeping good control of your blood sugars and diet so your next HbA1c reading comes back with a positive result,” said diabetes.co.uk.